A crime scene is a location linked with the commission of a crime. This can include the site where a crime was committed or a site where activities related to the crime took place, such as a dump site for a murder weapon or the home of a suspect.
These places contain important physical evidence which must be collected to investigate the crime, usually by forensic investigators who specialize in the management of crime scenes.
It is noted that the crime scene is not limited to a single place but may extend to a wider area depending on the nature of the crime committed. For example, in a murder case where murder is done at one place and the body is disposed on another place. In this case, two crime scenes give information about the crime.
(B) Based on the geographical location of the Crime Scene:
Outdoor Crime Scene - Outdoor crime scene comprises the crimes committed in an open or wide areas like hit and run cases in road accidents, etc. The outdoor crime scene is the most vulnerable to loss, contamination, and deleterious change of physical evidence in a relatively short period of time. Individuals with access to the scene can potentially alter, destroy or contaminate evidence.
Indoor Crime Scene - Indoor crime scene comprises the crimes committed in an enclosed or small areas like theft or burglar in a house, murder in a room, etc. Evidence at an indoor crime scene is generally less susceptible to loss, contamination, and deleterious change. Indoor crime scenes are usually easier to secure and protect, and securing a scene can be as simple as closing a door.
Mobile/Conveyance Crime Scene - Conveyance is defined as "something that serves as a means of transportation." Types of crimes committed in conveyance include the following, but are not limited to only them.
1. Vehicle Burglary
2. Grand Theft
3. Car Jacking
4. Sexual Battery
A crime scene investigator approaches a crime scene with scientific perspective more often than a low enforcement one. He/she is responsible for gathering, preserving, and analysing the evidence at the scene of crime. Crime scene investigator’s duties include, but are not limited to:
- Creating a secure perimeter around the scene and get it barricaded.
- Photographing, videography and sketching of the crime scene.
- Taking clear and relevant pictures that are easily compared to some kind of scale.
- Collecting DNA evidence like blood, saliva, hair, etc.
- Labelling each piece of evidence correctly.
- Transporting evidence
- Following the evidence through the chain of custody
- Documenting everything according to protocol.
At Connectel‘s (Forensic Division), Crime Scene Investigation is done with highest credibility and impartiality. Being the first and Only Forensic Science laboratory in private sector accredited by Government of India for ISO / IEC 17025 :2017 Standards acceptable worldwide by all Government and Regulatory bodies we only deliver quality forensic testing. By virtue of this accreditation, we are at par with any other similarly accredited forensic science laboratory in government sector in 107 member countries of ISO and India for report generation capability.
We maintain proper chain of custody at the laboratory from the point of receiving/collection of evidence till the disposal of forensic examination report. The observation and results of the forensic examination of evidence are kept confidential.
Reports generated by our forensic laboratory are admissible in the Indian Court of Law in the same category followed by the Government FSL’s. Further, we provide 65B certificate for admissibility of electronic evidence under Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
Our forensic experts are skilled and can testify in Indian courts to provide Expert Opinion under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872.